Title: Impact of Shale Gas Development on Regional Water Quality Author: R.D. Vidic, S.L. Brantley, J.M. Vandenbossche, D. Yoxtheimer, and J.D. Abad Publisher: Science magazine (American Association for the Advancement of Science) Date: May 17, 2013 Full Text Article Summary: Natural gas is a clean energy source with the potential to reduce global emissions by
Fracking is a safe and innovative way to harness otherwise inaccessible shale gas as a form of incredibly efficient energy.
Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” is a decades old well completion technology that is often coupled with horizontal drilling to develop oil and natural gas resources from tight rock formations. Fracking occurs after drilling has been completed and involves pumping fluid — typically 99 percent water and sand, with an additional mixture of chemical additives — into the target formation at pressure in order to open up small fractures in the rock, which allow oil and gas to flow out of these tight formations.